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In this guide we will cover:


How to become an organ donor

The process of donation typically begins by giving your consent to be a donor; you can do this by joining the NHS Organ Donor Register. When you register, you will be sent an organ donor card.

It’s also important that you tell a relative or close friend about your decision to donate so they know what your wishes are.

If a relative sadly dies and you’re unsure if they were registered as an organ donor, the NHS will contact you and ask you to confirm that they had not changed their mind before passing away.

If you have a medical condition, it doesn’t necessarily mean you cannot donate your organs when you pass away. At the time of death, a doctor will check which organs are suitable for transplant.

 

Organ donation process

The organ donation process begins by verifying that the person has passed away and then getting consent for the donation of any usable organs.

Specialists will determine what, if any, organs can be donated; including the heart, lungs, liver, kidney, pancreas and small bowel, in addition to other tissues like the cornea, tendons and skin.

The surgical process completely depends on what organs are being donated. Once the surgeons have removed the specified organs, they are transported as quickly as possible to the recipient for immediate transplantation.

 

What happens after organ donation?

Timeframes for organ and tissue donation can vary as every circumstance is different. It typically takes between 12 to 36 hours for the necessary arrangements for donation to be made.

The person who has passed away will be treated with the utmost care and respect, and only those organs and tissue specified by the donor or their family will be removed.

Following the operation, families are invited to view the deceased at the hospital. Your funeral director will then make necessary arrangements to collect your loved one from the hospital and prepare them for the funeral.

Organ and tissue donation will not stop you from arranging an open-casket funeral. Your loved one’s surgical incisions will be carefully covered and they can also be clothed to ensure no signs of donation are visible.

 

How to donate your body to science

Anyone can decide to donate their body for the education of future healthcare professionals and scientific research, although it is not always possible for a body to be accepted. This will depend on the requirements of the medical school at the time of death as well as the circumstances of the death.

If you do want to donate your body to science, you will need to contact a medical school for further information and a consent form. It is important to make your wishes known in writing and inform friends or family about your decision.

Find out more information at the Human Tissue Authority (HTA)

 

Body donation process

Generally, a medical school must accept a body within six days of death and it is usually retained for a minimum of three years, although in some cases it will be less than this.

Please be aware that you may be asked to cover the cost of transporting your loved one to the medical school, especially if the death wasn’t local to the school.

 

What happens after body donation?

Medical schools usually arrange for donated bodies to be cremated, unless you specifically request for your loved one to be returned for a private burial or cremation. They may also hold a committal or memorial service to honour the deceased.

The cost of the cremation is often covered by the medical school; however, they don’t usually cover further funeral arrangements or burials.

 

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